Bharatha Natyam and Tamil culture | Daily News

Bharatha Natyam and Tamil culture

The folk dance form is regarded as a Desi dance form because it belongs to a certain Pradesh. It reflects the religion, regional customs, and traditions, of the selective area. These folk dance forms differ, from region to region, place to place, and district to district. Hence the folk dance varies from place to place.

Similarly, a dance form that transcends the international barriers acquires worldwide recognition, which is known as Margi. This Margi dance form is deeply rooted in culture, tradition, philosophy, and religion. Bhartha Natyam is certainly a Margi dance form.

It has a well-defined and highly sophisticated art form. Bharatha Natyam is a Tamil Classical dance form based on Hindu philosophy, Hindu traditions and Hindu culture. Besides these, Bharatha Natyam is totally based on the Tamil Language, yet some of the Kirthanams, songs, surajathi and Varnam items are in the Telugu language because, until the year 1953, Madras presidency and Andhra state were together. (Surajathi was only in Carnatic music but not included in the Bharatha Natyam. But now, some dancers adopt Surajathi for dance).

[SUBHEAD] International sphere

Bharatha Natyam is the classical dance form of the Tamils. It has its own grace, charm, and standing in the international sphere. Wherever Bharatha Natyam is practised, it is expected to remain the same quality and norms.

This particular art form is not only followed and practised in India alone but also preserved and practised by the expatriate Tamil community all over the world. Bharatha Natyam is often referred to as Bharatham. This word is derived from the Tamil words bavam, ragam, and Thalam.

Traditional dance forms in any society must have certain norms and defined links with cultural, linguistic, regional, and religious factors. These traditional dance forms generally have a certain long-standing historical background, and historical developments, in different periods. Almost all the traditional cultural dance forms are systematically categorized into different steps, different hand gestures, eye movements, and neck movements and different names for different foot positions, and different foot movements. Each traditional dance form has some deep meaning. Traditional dancers vehemently stick within a certain limited framework.

It is not proper or possible to expect that in the modern era certain modifications could be done in the classical Bharatha Natyam. Every Classical art form has its well-defined concepts. Inserting their own techniques by claiming some false allegations by certain individual dancers and dance teachers cannot be accepted. All these tactics are done in the present era to attract the maximum amount of audience.


Group dance form

Bharatha Natyam is basically a solo dance form. But now only it has become a group dance form. The main reason behind this is to accommodate more performers together on the stage.

Tamils all over the world preserve, practice, and carry out this art form with deep devotion and dedication as their own asset.

Even some of the traditional dance forms like Russian Ballet, western dance forms, Eastern dance forms, South American dances, Far East Asian dance forms, and South-East Asian dance forms, are systematically confined and defined dance techniques. Each traditional form has its own distinguish makeup, stage decorations, distinguish costumes, and selective ornaments. Most of the ornaments have certain names, as well as certain significance for usefulness.

At the end of the last quarter of the20th century, generally, a new trend has been penetrated almost all the classical dance forms. The trend has been developed by so-called modern dance choreographers. They insert their numerous own ideas, and they introduce their creativity into these dances. Besides these, they borrow techniques from numerous other traditional dance forms. They mainly borrow the nuances, techniques, steps, costumes, ornaments, and makeup from various, other traditional dance forms.

In the end, they mix up all the traditional dance factors together, and also they combine their own creative ideas into the dances and formulate some meaningless entertainment dances. These nameless dances are labelled as modern dances or contemporary dances. At last, all classical dance forms will gradually lose the total pristine purity, essence, and sense.


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