Bharatha Natyam repertoire of Human body structure | Daily News

Bharatha Natyam repertoire of Human body structure

The Hindu temple structure is based on the human body. According to Hindu philosophy, the head is regarded as the Sanctorum (Garpagragam). The tall temple tower built over the Garpagragam is described as Vimanam which is adorned with beautiful sculptures. (This temple description starts from the sanctum to the temple tower entrance). The following area in the human body is the neck, which is called or named Artha Mandapam where the priests stand and engage themselves in the process of ritual activities for the Garpagragam (Sanctorum).

The chest area of the body is regarded as Maha Mandapam. The stomach area is regarded as Isathapa Mandapam. The sacrificial pit is constructed in the Isathapa Mandapam. During the period of Yagapoojas and Homapoojas sacred offerings are offered in the sacrificial pit. All the offerings mainly the Navathaniyam grains and Yagapooja offerings are poured into this constructed pit. At the end of the Isthampa Mandapam, Nanthi, Pali Peedamand the Kodi Isthampam are installed.

Traditional repertoire

The thighs of the body are regarded as Sabha Mandapam of the temple. Earlier the cultural activities were supposed to be performed at the Sabha Mandapam. The knee area of the body is regarded as the first entrance of the temple. Below the knee is regarded as Kalyana Mandapam which is also known as Utsava Mandapam where the Utsava moorthies are decorated and kept during the Utsavams. The feet and the toes of the human body are regarded as the main entrance of the temple with majestic Kopuram. But all these traditional temple features are still found in the present Hindu temple structure to a certain extent.     

The fascination of Bharatha Natyam lies in the uniqueness of its traditional repertoire.

 The repertoire of Bharatha Natyam recital was laid down in the 19th century by the Tanjore Quartet, namely Chinniah, Ponniah, Sivananda and Vadivelu. To this day, the exponents of Bharatha Natyam Arangetrams faithfully follow this tradition.

 But today’s Bharatha Natya world is not strictly adhered to this sequence order of Bharatha Natyam.

 The Alarippu, Jetheeswaram, Sabtham, Varnam, Padam, Thillana and Slokas are the correct sequence in the practice of this art. Balasaraswathi the Queen of Bharatha Natyam once mentioned ‘which is an artistic yoga revealing the spiritual through corporal’,

The Bharatha Natyam is based on Hinduism and Hindu philosophy.

Sacred Hindu philosophy

Nobody can deny this fact. Those who get involved in this art form must learn and understand the depth of the sacred Hindu philosophy. Bharatha Natyam originated in the temples of Sadir.

With the passage of time, it was developed in and around the temple environs with a new dimension and vision as Bharatha Natyam which is a sacred dance form. Earlier it was originally practised and preserved by the temple Devadasi clan at Hindu temples.

The great Bharatha Natya Queen Balasarawathi said, ‘The Bharatha Natyam recital is structured like a great Hindu temple’.

 Hence, the above verses of the great Bharatha Natya maestro reveal the deep involvement of art with one of the religions of the world.

Therefore, those who want to learn or master this art form must know the basic Hindu link with this great dance form. If anybody tries to learn this great art without knowing the depth of it with the passage of time this sacred art would be dragged to a social level art.

The link between Hinduism and Bharatha Natyam is inseparable.

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