Most sublime protection | Daily News


Most sublime protection

Sansara, the cycle of life and death consists of 31 loka(worlds), which fall into three types of Bhava. The meaning given to this word Bhava by the Buddha is twofold. First is ‘to become’. The next interpretation is the reason, and the world ‘to become’ in. It could be summed up as ‘to become’ a living being and the reasons for continuing to do so in a particular world.

There are three types of Bhava karma, rupa and arupa. In the karma bhava, there are four hells, one human world and six heavenly abodes. The rupabhavaconsists of 15 rupaavachara Brahma heavens and one world named asangnathalaya. The arupa bhava has four aruparvachara Brahma heavens.

In all these 31 worlds, a living being experiences happiness, unhappiness and impermanence, the fundamental features of Samsara.

According to Arahant Sariputta (Samma Ditti Sutta), the Buddha declared that the results of one's good and bad Actions keep one locked in Sansara. It is Kamma (action), also called Sankhara in the list of Dependent Origination that gives rise to the Rebirth Linking Consciousness / Pati Sandhi Vingnanaya in a fresh life when the consciousness leaves the present body to another. When consciousness is gone, one is pronounced dead.

From the lowest Hell to the highest Brahma World, it is Sankhara that keeps one imprisoned in the cycle of life, happiness, unhappiness, impermanence and death.

The Buddha extolled the virtues of the Noble Eightfold Path, where the central motifs are Detachment, Non-Attachment and Renunciation; all leading to the extinction of Greed. The abandonment of all ties of life (good and bad), through proper mindfulness of a fully concentrated Mind, leads one out of Samsara to Nirvana.

This is an extremely arduous goal to attain, for one who is still an ‘ordinary person with a mind uncultivated in sense discipline’ (Buddha's First Sermon - The Wheel of Truth), because to row against the fearful currents of Sansara needs maximum control of the wayward mind.

But one has to try, at least to take a very, very small step in the direction of Nirvana, the non-phenomenal state, to achieve emancipation from sorrow, which is prevalent in Sansara, the phenomenal state of the mind.

A preliminary effort will be to adhere to the Buddhist Five Precepts, while living inside the framework of the four Abodes of the highest beings / Brahma Vihara, viz

1) Practice Loving Kindness to All living beings, friends foes and others

2) Develop Compassion to all who have less than oneself, it could be in the areas of wealth, health, education, opportunity, ability beauty etc, in other words, to help compassionately anyone, but within one's means.

3) To truly rejoice in someone else's Joy. This would get rid of one's jealousy, and the false concept of ‘I', ‘me’ and ‘mine’.

4) At all time, and in all situations, to have Equanimity. To face joy and sorrow that beset one's life, without excitement and as much as possible with detachment.

The practice of the Four Brahma Vihara will ensure a safe and peaceful society, where everyone will understand with sympathy that all living beings are in Sansara, and therefore in the same situation when it comes to facing the eight vicissitudes of life.

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