“Fight Against Climate Change: The Energy Sector Response” forum today | Daily News

“Fight Against Climate Change: The Energy Sector Response” forum today

Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority together with United Nations Development Program would be organizing a knowledge sharing forum on “Leading the Fight Against Climate Change: The Energy Sector Response” and “Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Energy Generation and End Use Sectors in Sri Lanka” on November 5, at Galle Face Hotel.

Deputy Director General of Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority, Harsha Wickramasinghe said, about the impactful national interventions in Energy Efficiency and in the Energy supply sectors which can contribute to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide which contribute to climate change. The forum would have a series of presentations highlighting other important aspects related to the energy sector interventions in fighting climate change. 

Climate change coupled with global warming have dramatic repercussions on almost every sector. Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. This includes mountain glaciers, ice sheets covering mountains and ocean ice. Much of this melting ice has contributed to sea-level rise. Global sea levels are rising 0.13 inches (3.2 millimeters) a year, and the rise is occurring at a faster rate in recent years. Rising temperatures are also affecting wildlife and their habitats. Vanishing ice has challenged many species living in cold climates.

With the enforcement of CoP 21 Paris Agreement on climate change, our country is entering a new decade governed by these new arrangements on climate action. Therefore, Sri Lanka too is obliged to deliver its climate change commitments through Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Sri Lanka’s energy sector has a 20% Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction target in the NDCs, which amounts to 39,383 giga grams (Gg) of the total GHG emissions.

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) refer to any action that reduces emissions in developing countries and is prepared under the umbrella of a national governmental initiative. They can be policies directed at transformational change within an economic sector, or actions across sectors for a broader national focus. NAMAs are supported and enabled by technology, financing, and capacity-building and are aimed at achieving a reduction in emissions relative to ‘business as usual’ emissions in 2020.

NAMAs were introduced in the international climate negotiations in 2017. According to the Bali Action Plan, the enhanced action on climate mitigation is to include “NAMAs by developing country parties in the context of sustainable development, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity building in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner. Following the Bali Action Plan, complementing provisions reached in Copenhagen (COP15, 2009), Cancun (COP16, 2010), Durban (COP17, 2011), Doha (COP18, 2012) Warsaw (COP19, 2013) and Lima (COP20, 2014) moulded the concept of NAMA into the mitigation instrument we know today.

The main objectives of the NAMA are 1) Contributing to national sustainable development and 2) reducing GHG emissions as developing countries net contribution to the global mitigation effort to stay below 2 0C of warming.

The first NAMAs in Sri Lanka are being implemented with the energy generation and end use sectors, with the financial assistance of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Identification and prioritization of mitigation options in the energy sector using Marginal Abetment Cost Curve (MACC) and Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA), provincial GHG inventory, MRV framework for mitigation initiatives have been implemented under this. A functional NAMA Implementation Mechanism for Sri Lanka, the National NAMA Registry and the pilot demonstration of 1,300 VFDs in tea factories, 1,000 bio-digester units, 150 domestic solar PV net-metering systems targeting 16,126 tonnes of carbon dioxide emission reduction are the major outputs of this NAMA.

All energy users, especially industries and commercial concerns are expected to reduce their emissions by focusing on reduced use of fossil fuels. Investments in Renewable Energy Development and Energy Efficiency Improvement whilst helping the battle against climate change, can actually improve the productivity and profitability of these industries and commercial establishments.

This session is expected to be very informative for the energy industry and other professionals, academia and knowledge seekers who are enthusiastic on climate change mitigation.

The session would illustrate and discuss specific instances of Project intervention, including energy sector data management, MRV and Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) analysis and a pilot demonstration. Further, Technologies on VFDs in the tea sector, domestic solar PV with battery energy storage and bio gas programs, would be presented during the symposium.

(Source: Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority)

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