OHE vs OE in dogs | Daily News


OHE vs OE in dogs

This is the surgery of choice when it comes to eliminating a female dog or cat’s ability to reproduce and preventing some common diseases of the reproductive tract. An ovariohysterectomy (OHE) is what we think of as a traditional spay where both ovaries and the uterus down to about the level of the cervix is removed. An ovariectomy (OE) is simply the removal of both ovaries while leaving the uterus in place.

The main benefit of an OE versus an OHE is the ability to perform the surgery through a smaller incision. This incision can also be locate a little farther forward on the pet’s abdomen, which improves the surgeon’s ability to locate, manipulate, and surgically remove the ovaries. This could potentially reduce surgery times, surgical complications, and the amount of discomfort a pet feels postoperatively, no significant difference between OEs and OHEs. The time spends for surgery and abdominal cut size is shorter with OE.

Owners are often concerned that leaving the uterus in place increases the chance that their pets could develop uterine disease in the future. The two biggest issues are pus in the womb and cancer.

The complications are similar, although with OE, there is theoretically less risk of hemorrhage, which is the No. 1 complication with OHE. The risk of ovarian remnant syndrome is similar. The risks of urinary incontinence and weight gain are similar.

If the uterus is healthy in a healthy, nongravid female spayed before her first heat, then performing an ovariectomy should be acceptable. If there is any doubt that the uterus may not be healthy, then an ovariohysterectomy is medically indicated. Spaying-removing the ovaries and uterus of a female pet-is a veterinary procedure that requires minimal hospitalization and offers lifelong health benefits. Neutering-removing the testicles of your male dog or cat-will vastly improve your pet’s behavior and keep him close to home.

In Sri Lanka Government Veterinary Offices conduct low-cost spay/neuter programs that make surgery easily affordable and accessible.

The top 10 reasons to spay or neuter your pet

1.Your female pet will live a longer, healthier life.

Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.

2.Neutering provides major health benefits for your male.

Besides preventing unwanted litters, neutering your male companion prevents testicular cancer.

3.Your spayed female won't go into heat.

While cycles can vary, female felines usually go into heat four to five days every three weeks during breeding season. In an effort to advertise for mates, they'll yowl and urinate more frequently-sometimes all over the house!

4.Your male dog won't want to roam away from home.

An intact male will do just about anything to find a mate! That includes digging his way under the fence and making escape from the house. And once he's free to roam, he risks injury in traffic and fights with other males.

5.Your neutered male will be much better behaved.

Neutered cats and dogs focus their attention on their human families. On the other hand, unneutered dogs and cats may mark their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all over the house. Many aggression problems can be avoided by early neutering.

6.Spaying or neutering will NOT make your pet fat.

Lack of exercise and overfeeding will cause your pet to pack on the extra pounds-not neutering. Your pet will remain fit and trim as long as you continue to provide exercise and monitor food intake.

7.It is highly cost-effective.

The cost of your pet's spay/neuter surgery is a lot less than the cost of having and caring for a litter. It also beats the cost of treatment when your unneutered tom escapes and gets into fights with the neighborhood stray!

8.Spaying and neutering your pet is good for the community.

Stray animals pose a real problem in many parts of the country. They can prey on wildlife, cause car accidents, damage the local fauna and frighten children. Spaying and neutering packs a powerful punch in reducing the number of animals on the streets.

9.Your pet doesn't need to have a litter for your children to learn about the miracle of birth.

Letting your pet produce offspring you have no intention of keeping is not a good lesson for your children-especially when so many unwanted animals end up in shelters.

10. Spaying and neutering helps fight pet overpopulation.

Every year, millions of cats and dogs of all ages and breeds are euthanized or suffer as strays. These high numbers are the result of unplanned litters that could have been prevented by spaying or neutering

(The writer is aVeterinary Surgeon and holds B.V.Sc; M.Sc Poultry Science; Master of Public Administration and Management)

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