Modern treaty law and practice
A treaty is an international agreement concluded
between states in written form and governed by international law,
whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related
instruments and whatever its particular designation. A state has
been defined in the Montevideo Convention of 1933 as having the
following characteristics: a permanent population; a defined
geographic territory; a government; and the legal capacity to enter
into relations with other states. The above notwithstanding, a
treaty can be concluded between a state and another subject of
international law such as an international organization. When a
state places its signature on a treaty it merely means that the
state has agreed to the text in the instrument.
Marsí volcanic deposit tells of life
The finding adds to accumulating evidence that
at some times and in some places, Mars hosted favourable climate for
microbial life. This image provided by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope
shows a close-up of the red planet. The finding adds to accumulating
evidence that at some times and in some places, Mars hosted
favourable climate for microbial life. This image provided by NASA's
Hubble Space Telescope shows a close-up of the red planet.
H. L. de Silva:
A legend in the Law
H. L. de Silva President's Counsel was arguably
Sri Lanka's pre-eminent Supreme Court practitioner in recent times.
The liberal legal icon shaped Sri Lankan constitutional
jurisprudence and a burgeoning fundamental rights litigation of the
1980s. A student of constitutional theory, he carried the weight of
Sri Lanka's legal past at a particular time in history. On him was
placed the burden and the privilege of shaping the juridical destiny
of a nation in political turmoil and legal transition.
Importance of Police training
Whilst I have been impressed recently by the
work of several police officers in the North, who have initiated
imaginative and effective programmes to support the vulnerable,
there is clearly need of much more concerted work to ensure that the
Police uphold Human Rights as they should. I should note though that
I used to be accused of excessive criticism of the Police, when I
would suggest that they needed to have much better training with
regard to Rights protection.