Total head count after 30 years
* Census in 2001 only in 18 districts
* New technologies in census process
Authorities will conduct a comprehensive countrywide census
encompassing all areas of Sri Lanka during 2011 after three decades. The
2001 and 1991 census did not reflect accurate data as the conflict which
lasted nearly 30 years had prevented the actual statistical count in
The last census carried out in 2001 was conducted in only 18
districts, according to population census demographic Director H R
Gunasekera of the Department of Census and Statistics (DSC). The final
accurate nationwide census to be conducted is considered to be the one
which was done in 1981.
According to Gunasekera the DCS, with the intention of improving
completeness, quality, and timeliness of the data and information
gathered in the forthcoming census is planning to adopt various new and
emerging technologies in the whole census process.
One of the major changes would be the adoption of the ‘de jure’
census methodology instead of the ‘de facto’ method applied during the
A “de jure” census tallies people according to their regular or legal
residence, whereas a de facto census allocates them to the place where
According to Gunasekera the ground work to carry out the census is
The preparation of detailed maps distinguishing district and
divisional boundaries and subareas is almost complete.
Next the detailing of buildings, institutions, households etc. is to
take place with the held of Grama Niladharis and other officials.
The 2011 Census is expected to be conducted in the third quarter of
this year. The census which is to be carried out will be the 14th
scientific census of the country.
In the 2011 census the, DCS plans to adopt contemporary data
capturing technologies such as Optical Mark Recognition (OMR), Optical
Character Recognition (OCR), and Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR).
They are also planning to conduct an e-census in selected areas
parallel to the census field enumeration.
They plan to use computer assisted coding to code occupations and
respective industries of individuals based on Sri Lanka Standard
Classifications of Occupations (SLSCO-08) and Sri Lanka Standard
Industry Classification (SLSIC - Rev 4).
They would use on-line editing technique to edit census data.