Activities that support climate information for water management
Water managers everywhere need tools that empower them to make
operational decisions and plan for short and long-term changes to water
supplies. The Tropical Andes project and the Colombian adaptation plan
are just two of several collaborative projects that are aimed at gaining
a better understanding of the role of climate in the hydrological cycle
and using that information to manage water resources. A sampling of
other recent and ongoing projects includes:
The World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS) program of WMO
support the hydrological observation networks necessary for water
resources assessment - the first step in any water management effort.
This system generates accurate, timely and accessible information for
the sustainable development of freshwater resources and provides the
forecasts that enable planning for water storage, agricultural
activities and urban development, especially in developing countries.
The Beijing Climate Centre of the China Meteorological Administration
has developed tools for drought monitoring in China. Data on rainfall
and soil moisture come from a network of agricultural meteorological
stations and satellites.
This information is then used in the preparation of drought
bulletins, weekly broadcasts and daily maps.
In Thailand, rainfall data from a network of meteorological stations
and a telemetering project, as well as a seasonal climate forecast from
the National Climate Centre, are regularly disseminated to various
organizations, such as the Royal Irrigation Department and Department of
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation. This information is useful for water
monitoring, water storage and water supply measures to minimize the
risks of flood and drought.
The Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service conducted a
climate-based analysis of water resources to aid water management for
Hrvatske vode (Croatian Waters), which performs integrated management of
Croatian water resources.
The WMO Associated Program on Flood Management is helping countries
in the development and implementation of Integrated Flood Management
policies by providing tools and sharing the best practices for flood
risk assessments, flood forecasting and flood preparedness.
WMO and its Members work to address risks posed by glacial lake
outburst floods, which occur when bodies of glacial melt suddenly
destabilize and flood a region. The risk of such outbursts is increasing
as warmer global temperatures accelerate glacial melt in various
regions. The Regional Glacial Lake Outburst Floods Risk Mitigation
Project, which is focused on the Hindu Kush-Himalaya region, including
Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan.