LHI designs India’s second largest container port
Move to avoid closure:
Lanka Hydraulic Institute Ltd. (LHI) was awarded the project of
mathematical model studies for RRM for improvement of Draughts in
Hooghly Estuary, where sediment deposits at the entrance of the river
has made India’s second largest container port redundant.
Hooghly River is on the west of the town of Hooghly, which is
approximately 40 kilometres away from Kolkota.
It is said that Vasco-da-gama, the Portuguese sailor was one of the
first Europeans to reach this area which was a river port back then.
The Portuguese used the Hooghly River as a main way of transportation
and also as a trading port.
The town of Hooghly, which is more than 500 years old, was soon
transformed into a major commercial centre and the largest port in
Bengal in the 1500’s and is today considered one of the most
economically developed districts in West Bengal due to its main
cultivation - industry of jute.
The formation of sand bars has raised the river bed, making the
shipping channel shallow.
Many of India’s power companies, steel and chemical plants and
refineries are spending massive amounts to divert their cargo through
In a situation nearing closure LHI was awarded to conduct the
mathematical model testing, at their very own laboratories at Katubedda,
Moratuwa. Clients can gain visual access to the proceedings through IP
Cameras fixed in the flume / basin.
“The model studies are proposed to be carried out using a combination
of 1D and 2D modeling techniques to design a suitable model.
The wave impact in the lower estuary of the Hooghly will be studied
using the Spectral Wind Wave model. The stirring of sediment of outer
bars from wave action is important,” said Senior Engineering Manager of
Water Resources at LHI N. K. M. Nanseer. “3 dimensional hydrodynamic
software is utilized to identify the stratification and salinity
In addition, the understanding of the assessment of disposition and
optimization of the channel alignments is important which we’re hoping
to study through a 3D model”, said Nanseer.
LHI has a team of competent, driven and highly skilled engineers in
spheres of Coastal Engineering, Water Resources and Urban Water, who
possess knowledge and skills harboured locally as well as
internationally. Chief Executive/Director of LHI Malith Mendis said,
“during a time of a global financial crisis, every company in the
industry, around the world, is aiming to secure projects such as these.
I believe we were able to win the Hooghly River project because of
our proven, quality service that speaks louder than words.” “Another
project that we worked on quite recently was the Krishnapatnam Port