64 rock inscriptions found in Giribawa
Haththicuchchi near Galgamuwa is associated with many legends prior
to the establishment of the Kurunegala Kingdom. Recently, 64 rock
inscriptions were found in Giribawa, close to Galgamuwa.
Excavators expect to discover more inscriptions in the area. It is of
importance, that Haththicuchchi is probably the only place in the world
where a large number of rock inscriptions are found within a small area.
They can be prepared in chronological order as a series starting from
the era B.C. to the Kandyan era. The excavators have found the
inscriptions with the name ‘Rajangana’ and thus the place was named
There are many archaeological remains within an area of 300 acres.
Ruins of a conference hall, small temple, three storeyed reliquary,
watadage, eight dagabas an alms hall, oval shaped hall, 16 ponds, 30
caves with cisterns, an 18 cubit Buddha statue belonging to the Kandyan
era, were found during the excavations.
King Aggabodhi I (571-604) and Aggabodhi VI (772-777) built
monasteries during this era. King Aggabodhi IX (831-833) had
rehabilitated these palaces.
Two historical accounts from ‘Sahassavattu pakarana’ and ‘Visuddhi
Marga Maha Sannaya’ define historical conditions of this temple.
Pussadewa, a minister and the son of sister of King Saddatissa (137-119
BC) went to Girigrama and domiciled there with Princess Sumanadevi. They
heard about the pleasant condition of this Temple and visited the monks
in Haththicuchchi. They worshipped at the temple and offered alms to the
monks and nuns and were convinced of their behaviour and Buddhism.
They then went to meet bhikkhu Mahadewa, and entered the Order. Later
he was named as Katakandarawasi Pussadewa Thera. (Sahaswattupakarana -
compiled by Agga Maha Panditha Buddha Datta Nayaka Thera - First Edition
- Colombo page 115) Visuddi Marga Maha Sannaya points out that
Haththicuchchi is a beautiful place filled with hermitages, ponds, rock
temples and flower gardens.