Guidelines for post disaster housing in coastal Sri Lanka
UNDER the guidance of Ministry of Housing and Construction, the
National Housing Development Authority (NHDA) supported by the German
Technical Co-operation (GTZ) through a Tsunami Housing Support Project (THSP)
implemented on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic
Corporation and Development has published Guidelines for Post Disaster
Housing in Coastal Sri Lanka, states a National Housing Development
Authority press release.
The primary objective of this guideline is to cater to the needs of
all categories of actors involved in the post-tsunami re-housing
endeavors within the coastal belt. At the same time, the need to address
other, more frequent natural disasters such as cyclones and floods is
As an initial step, the disaster-resistance issues that primarily
affect the coastal belt of Sri Lanka, has been given high priority in
The Guidelines are intended to cover the technical requirements
relating to several natural disasters that might affect the coastal
belt, such as tidal wave, earth tremors, floods and high winds.
The Guideline contains two sections: Section 1 deals with Sri Lankan
building regulations applicable to the coastal belt. These are culled
from the relevant guidelines issued by the Urban Development Authority (UDA),
local authorities and the Coast Conservation Department (CCD).
Section 2 deals with "best practices" in the areas of participatory
development approach, settlement planning, neighbourhood and housing
layout for energy efficiency and thermal comfort, sustainable design,
appropriate use of materials, disaster-resistant housing and best
practices in the provision of infrastructure services.
While the former presents a quick guide to the current statutory
provisions with respect to housing in the coastal belt, the latter is a
distillation of the collective wisdom of key stakeholders in the area of
This is culled from stakeholders as diverse as academia, professional
organizations, non-governmental actors, grassroot activists and users.
It is hoped that the second section would grow over time, leading to a
more rounded codification of best practices in the area of post-disaster
The Guideline was ceremonially launched on December 21st at
Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall, Colombo 07 under
the patronage of Minister of Housing and Construction, Mrs. Ferial
Ashraff. The NHDA has published the entire Guideline in their website